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NEW AFRICANA TITLES

Garcia, Felix and Yolanka del Rio, eds. 2012. La filosofia: en su tiempo historico. Panama: RUTH Casa Editorial.
Hallen, Barry. 2009. A Short History of African Philosophy. 2nd rev. ed. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. 
Janz, Bruce. 2009. Philosophy in an African Place. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books.
Makanjuola, Roger. 2012. Water Must Flow Uphill. Ibadan, Nigeria: Mosuro.
Masolo, D. A. 2010. Self and Community in a Changing World. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
Olupona, Jacob K. 2011. City of 201 Gods: Ile-Ife in Time, Space and the Imagination. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Procesi, Lidia and Kasereka Kavwahireji, eds. 2012. Beyond the Lines: Fabien Eboussi Boulaga, a Philosophical Practice. Munich: Lincom Europa.
Taiwo, Olufemi, 2009. How Colonialism Preempted Modernity in Africa. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

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WORKING BIBLIOGRAPHY OF RELEVANT TEXTS


 

Abimbola, Kola. 2005. Yoruba Culture: A Philosophical Account. Birmingham,UK: Iroko Academic Publishers.
 
Abimbola,’Wande. 1975. Sixteen Great Poems of Ifa. Niamey, Niger: UNESCO.
———. 1976. Ifa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
———. 1977. Ifa Divination Poetry. New York: NOK.
———. 1997. Ifa Will Mend Our Broken World. Roxbury, Mass.: Aim Books.
Abimbola, ’Wande, and Barry Hallen. 1993. “Secrecy (‘Awo’) and Objectivity inthe Methodology and Literature of Ifa Divination.” In Secrecy: African ArtThat Conceals and Reveals, ed. M. Nooter, 212–21. New York: Museumfor African Art; Munich: Prestel.
 
Abraham, W. E. 1962. The Mind of Africa. Chicago: University of ChicagoPress.
———. 1996. “The Life and Times of Anton Wilhelm Amo, the First African(Black) Philosopher in Europe.” In African Intellectual Heritage: A Bookof Sources, ed. Molefi K. Asante and Abu S. Abarry, 424–40. Philadelphia:Temple University Press. (First published in Transactions of the HistoricalSociety of Ghana 2, no. 1 [1963].)
———. 2004. “Anton Wilhelm Amo.” In A Companion to African Philosophy,ed. Kwasi Wiredu, 191–99. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.
 
Adeofe, Leke. 2004. “Personal Identity in African Metaphysics.” In AfricanPhilosophy: New and Traditional Perspectives, ed. Lee M. Brown, 69–83.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
 
Ake, Claude. 1981. A Political Economy of Africa. New York: Longman.
———. 1993. “The Unique Case of African Democracy.” International Affairs69, no. 2.
———. 1996. Democracy and Development in Africa. Washington, D.C.:Brookings Institution.
 
Amadiume, Ifi. 1987. Male Daughters, Female Husbands: Gender and Sex in anAfrican Society. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Zed Books.
———. 1997. Reinventing Africa: Matriarchy, Religion and Culture. London:Zed Books.
———. 2000a. Afrikan Matriarchal Foundations: The Igbo Case. Trenton, N.J.:Red Sea.
———. 2000b. Daughters of the Goddess, Daughters of Imperialism: AfricanWomen Struggle for Culture, Power and Democracy. London: Zed Books.
———. 2008. “African Women’s Body Images in Postcolonial Discourse andResistance to Neo-Crusaders.” In Black Womanood: Images, Icons, and Ideologies of the African Body, ed. Barbara Thompson. Seattle: Universityof Washington Press.
 
Amin, Samir. 1989. Eurocentrism. New York: Monthly Review Press.
  
Appiah, Kwame Anthony. 1981. “Structuralist Criticism and African Fiction: AnAnalytic Critique.” Black American Literature Forum 15, no. 4 (Winter):165–74.
———. 1984a. “An Aesthetics for Adornment in Some African Cultures.” In Beauty by Design: The Aesthetics of African Adornment, 15–19. New York:African-American Institute.
———. 1984b. “Strictures on Structures: On Structuralism and African Fiction.”In Black Literature and Literary Theory, ed. Henry Louis Gates Jr., 127–50.London: Methuen.
———. 1986a. “Deconstruction and the Philosophy of Language.” Diacritics(Spring): 49–64.
———. 1986b. “Are We Ethnic? The Theory and Practice of AmericanPluralism.” Black American Literature Forum 20 (Spring–Summer):209–24.
———. 1986c. “The Uncompleted Argument: Du Bois and the Illusion of Race.”In Race, Writing and Difference, ed. Henry Louis Gates Jr., 21–37. Chicago:University of Chicago Press.
———. 1986–87. “Racism and Moral Pollution.” Philosophical Forum 18, nos.2–3 (Winter–Spring): 185–202. (Reprinted in Collective Responsibility: FiveDecades of Debate in Theoretical and Applied Ethics, ed. Larry May andStacey Hoffman, 219–38. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 1991.)
———. 1987. “Old Gods, New Worlds: Some Recent Work in the Philosophy ofAfrican Traditional Religion.” In Contemporary Philosophy: A New Survey,vol. 5, ed. Guttorm Floistad, 207–34. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
———. 1988. “Out of Africa: Topologies of Nativism.” Yale Journal of Criticism2, no. 1: 153–78. (Revised and reprinted in The Bounds of Race, ed.Dominic LaCapra, 134–63. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1991.)
———. 1989a. “The Conservation of ‘Race.’“ Black American Literature Forum23 (Spring): 37–60.
———. 1989b. “Race.” In Critical Terms for Literary Study, ed. FrankLentricchia and Tom McLaughlin, 274–87. Chicago: University of ChicagoPress.
———. 1990a. “Racisms.” In Anatomy of Racism, ed. David Goldberg, 3–17.(Reprinted in Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and ContemporaryReadings, 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.)
———. 1990b. “Alexander Crummell and the Invention of Africa.”Massachusetts Review 31, no. 3 (Autumn): 385–406.
———. 1990c. “But would that still be me? Notes on Gender, ‘Race,’ Ethnicityas Sources of Identity.” Journal of Philosophy 87, no. 10 (Oct.): 493–99.(Reprinted in Race, Sex: Their Sameness, Difference and Interplay, ed.Naomi Zack, 75–81. New York: Routledge, 1997.)
———. 1990d. “New Literatures, New Theory?” Mtatu 7 Canonization andTeaching of African Literatures, ed. Raoul Granquist, 57–90. Amsterdam:Rodopi.
———. 1991a. “Is the ‘Post’ in ‘Postcolonial’ the ‘Post’ in ‘Postmodern’?”Critical Inquiry 17 (Winter): 336–57.
———. 1991b. “Soyinka’s Myth of an African World.” In CrisscrossingBoundaries in African Literatures, ed. Ken Harrow, Jonathan Ngate, andClarisse Zimra, 11–24. Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press andAfrican Literature Association.
———. 1992a. In My Father’s House: Africa in the Philosophy of Culture.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
———. 1992b. “Inventing an African Practice in Philosophy: EpistemologicalIssues.” In The Surreptitious Speech: Presence Africaine and the Politics ofOtherness 1947–1987, ed. V. Y. Mudimbe, 227–37. Chicago: University ofChicago Press.
———. 1992c. “Social Forces, ‘Natural’ Kinds.” In Exploitation and Exclusion:Race and Class in Contemporary US Society, ed. Abebe Zegeye, LeonardHarris, and Julia Maxted, 1–13. Oxford: Hans Zell.
———. 1992d. “African Identities.” In Constructions identitaires: questionnementstheoriques et etudes de cas. Actes du Celat 6 (May). Universite Laval,Canada: CELAT.
———. 1992–93. “African-American Philosophy?” Philosophical Forum 24,nos. 1–3 (Fall–Spring): 1–24. (Reprinted in African-American PhilosophicalPerspectives and Philosophical Traditions, ed. John Pittman, 11–34. NewYork: Routledge, 1997.)
———. 1993. “Thick Translation.” Callaloo 16, no. 4 (Fall): 808–19.
———. 1994a. “Myth, Literature and the African World.” In Wole Soyinka:An Appraisal, ed. Adewale Maja-Pearce, 98–115. London: Heinemann.
———. 1994b. “Identity, Authenticity, Survival: Multicultural Societies andSocial Reproduction.” In Multiculturalism: Examining “The Politicsof Recognition,” ed. Amy Gutman, 149–64. Princeton, N.J.: PrincetonUniversity Press.
———. 1994–95. “Ancestral Voices.” In Salmagundi 104–105 (Fall–Winter):88–100. (Reprinted in The New Salmagundi Reader, ed. Robert Boyers andPeggy Boyers, 122–34. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1996.)
———. 1995a. “Philosophy and Necessary Questions.” In Readings in AfricanPhilosophy: An Akan Collection, ed. Safro Kwame, 1–22. Washington,D.C.: University Press of America.
———. 1995b. “Why Africa? Why Art?” In Africa: The Art of a Continent, ed.Tom Phillips, 21–26. London: Royal Academy.
———. 1996a. “Culture, Subculture, Multiculturalism: EducationalConsequences.” In Public Education in a Multicultural Society, ed. RobertFullenwider, 65–89. New York: Cambridge University Press.
———. 1996b. “Against National Culture.” English in Africa 23, no. 1 (May): 11–27. (Reprinted in Text and Nation, ed. Peter Pfeiffer and Laura Garcia-Moreno, 175–90. Columbia, S.C.: Camden House, 1996.)
———. 1996c. “Race, Culture, Identity: Misunderstood Connections.” TheTanner Lectures on Human Values. Vol. 17, 51–136. Salt Lake City:University of Utah Press.
———. 1996d. “Reconstructing Racial Identities.” Research in AfricanLiteratures 27, no. 3 (Fall): 58–72.
———. 1997a. “Identity: Political not Cultural.” In Field Work: Sites in Literaryand Cultural Studies, ed. Marjorie Garber, Rebecca L. Walkowitz, and PaulB. Franklin, 34–40. New York: Routledge.
———. 1997b. “Liberalism and the Plurality of Identity.” In Knowledge, Identityand Curriculum Transformation in Africa, ed. N. Cloete, M. W. Makgoba,and D. Ekong, 79–99. Johannesburg: Maskew Miller Longman.
———. 1998a. “The Arts of Africa.” In Ideas Matter: Essays in Honour ofConor Cruise O’Brien, ed. Richard English and Joseph Morrison Skelly,251–64. Dublin: Poolbeg.
———. 1998b. “The Limits of Pluralism.” In Multiculturalism and AmericanDemocracy, ed. Arthur M. Melzer, Jerry Weinberger, and M. RichardZinman, 37–54. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
———. 1998c. “Race, Pluralism and Afrocentricity.” Journal of Blacks in HigherEducation 19 (Spring): 116–18.
———. 1998d. “Ethnophilosophy and Its Critics.” In The African PhilosophyReader, ed. P. H. Coetzee and A. J. P. Roux, 109–30. London: Routledge.
———. 1998e. “Afterword: How Shall We Live as Many?” In Beyond Pluralism:The Conception of Groups and Group Identities in America, ed. WendyKatkin, Ned Landsman, and Andrew Tyree, 243–59. Urbana: University ofIllinois Press.
———. 2000. “Liberty, Individuality and Identity.” Critical Inquiry 27 (Winter):305–32.
———. 2001a. “African Identities.” In Race and Racism, ed. Bernard Boxill.New York: Oxford University Press.
———. 2001b. “Ethnic Identity as a Political Resource.” In Explorations inAfrican Political Thought: Identity. Community, Ethics, ed. Teodros Kiros,45–54. New York: Routledge.
———. 2004a. “African Philosophy and African Literature.” In A Companion toAfrican Philosophy, ed. Kwasi Wiredu, 538–48. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.
———. 2004b. “Akan and Euro-American Concepts of the Person.” In AfricanPhilosophy: New and Traditional Perspectives, ed. Lee M. Brown, 21–34.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
———. 2004c. “Language, Race, and the Legacies of the British Empire.” InBlack Experience and the Empire, ed. Philip D. Morgan and Sean Hawkins.New York: Oxford University Press.———. 2005. “African Studies and the Concept of Knowledge.” In Knowledge Cultures: Comparative Western and African Epistemology, ed. BertHamminga, 23–56. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
———. 2006a. “How to Decide if Races Exist.” Proceedings of the AristotelianSociety 106 (May): 363–80.
———. 2006b. “The Politics of Identity.” Daedalus 135, no. 4 (Fall): 15–22.
———. 2007. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. New York:W.W. Norton & Co.
Appiah, K. Anthony, and V. Y. Mudimbe. 2003. “The Impact of African Studieson Philosophy.” In The Impact of African Studies on the Disciplines, ed.Robert Bates, V. Y. Mudimbe, and Jean O’Barr, 113–38. Chicago: Universityof Chicago Press.
Appiah, K. Anthony, Peggy Appiah, and Ivor Agyeman-Duah. 2008. Bu Me Be:Proverbs of the Akans. Banbury, Oxon, UK: Ayebia Clarke.
 
Asante, Molefi K. 2000. The Egyptian Philosophers: Ancient African Voicesfrom Imhotep to Akhenaten. Chicago: African American Images.
———. 2007. An Afrocentric Manifesto. Stafford BC, Australia: Polity.
Asante, Molefi Kete, and Abu S. Abarry, eds. 1996. African Intellectual Heritage:A Book of Sources. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
 
Beattie, John. 1966. Other Cultures: Aims, Methods and Achievements in SocialAnthropology. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Bedu-Addo, J. T. 1979a. “On the Alleged Abandonment of the Good in thePhaedo.Apeiron 13: 104–14.

———. 1979b. “The Role of the Hypothetical Method in the Phaedo.Phronesis 24, no. 2: 111–32.

———. 1983. “Sense-Experience and Recollection in Plato’s Meno.AmericanJournal of Philology 104, no. 3: 228–48.
———. 1985. “Wiredu on Truth as Opinion and the Akan Language.” InPhilosophy in Africa: Trends and Perspectives, ed. P. Bodunrin, 68–90.Ife, Nigeria: University of Ife Press.
———. 1991. “Sense-Experience and the Argument for Recollection in Plato’s Phaedo.” Phronesis 36, no. 1: 27–60. 
 
Bell, Richard H. 2002. Understanding African Philosophy. New York:Routledge. 
 
Bello, A. G. A. Review of Knowledge, Belief and Witchcraft. Journal of AfricanPhilosophy and Studies (Lagos, Nigeria) 1, nos. 1–2: 93–98.
———. 2003. “In Praise of the Onisegun.Journal on African Philosophy, no. 3.
———. 2004. “Some Methodological Controversies in African Philosophy.” In A Companion to African Philosophy, ed. Kwasi Wiredu, 263–73. Malden,Mass.: Blackwell. 
 
Ben-Jochannan, Yosef. 1994. Africa, Mother of Western Civilization. Baltimore:Black Classic. 
Bernal, Martin. 1987. The Fabrication of Ancient Greece. Vol. 1 of Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization. London: FreeAssociation Books.
———. 1991. The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence. Vol. 2 of Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization. New Brunswick,N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
———. 2001. Black Athena Writes Back: Martin Bernal Responds to His Critics.Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.
———. 2006. The Linguistic Evidence. Vol. 3 of Black Athena: The AfroasiaticRoots of Classical Civilization. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. 
 
Bernasconi, Robert. 1997. “African Philosophy’s Challenge to ContinentalPhilosophy.” In Postcolonial African Philosophy: A Critical Reader, ed.Emmanuel Eze, 183–96. Oxford: Blackwell.
———, ed. 2001. Race. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell. Bewaji, J. A. I. 2003. Beauty and Culture: Perspectives in Black Aesthetics.Ibadan, Nigeria: Spectrum Books. 
 
Bidima, Jean-Godefroy. 2004. “Philosophy and Literature in FrancophoneAfrica.” In A Companion to African Philosophy, ed. Kwasi Wiredu,549–59. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell. 
 
Bodunrin, Peter. 1975a. “‘Theoretical Entities’ and Scientific Explanation.”Second Order 4, no. 1: 56–65.
———. 1975b. “The Alogicality of Immortality.” Second Order 4, no. 2: 36–44.
———. 1978. “Witchcraft, Magic and ESP: A Defense of Scientific andPhilosophical Scepticism.” Second Order 7, nos. 1–2: 36–50. (Reprintedin African Philosophy: Selected Readings, ed. Albert G. Mosley, 371–85. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1995.)
———. 1979. “Belief, Truth and Knowledge.” Second Order 8, nos. 1–2: 28–46.
———. 1981. “The Question of African Philosophy.” Philosophy 56, no. 216:161–79.
———, ed. 1985. Philosophy in Africa: Trends and Perspectives. Ife, Nigeria:University of Ife Press.
———. 1992. “Philosophy in Africa: The Challenge of Relevance and Commitment.” In Postcolonial African Philosophy, ed. H. Nagl-Docekaland F. M. Wimmer, 15–35. Munich: Oldenbourg. 
 
Boele van Hensbroek, Pieter. 1999. Political Discourses in African Thought:1860 to Present. Westport, Conn.: Praeger. 
 
Bongmba, Elias Kifon. 2001. African Witchcraft and Otherness: A Philosophicaland Theological Critique of Intersubjective Relations. Albany: StateUniversity of New York Press.
———. The Dialectics of Transformation in Africa. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 
 
Brown, Lee M., ed. 2004. African Philosophy: New and TraditionalPerspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

Cabral, Amilcar. 1969. Revolution in Guinea: An African People’s Struggle.London: Stage 1.

———. 1970. “National Liberation and Culture.” The Program of East AfricanStudies, Occasional Paper No. 57. Syracuse: Maxwell Graduate School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University. (Republished in Cabral1979, 138–54.)
———. 1979. Unity and Struggle. New York: Monthly Review Press.Castoriadis, Cornelius. 1991. “Intellectuals and History.” In Philosophy,Politics, Autonomy, ed. David Ames Curtis. New York: Oxford UniversityPress.
 
Césaire, Aimé. 1972. Discourse on Colonialism. Trans. Joan Pinkham. NewYork: Monthly Review Press.
 
Clark-Bekederemo, J. P. 1991. The Ozidi Saga: Collected and Translated fromthe Ijo of Okabou Ojobolo. Ibadan, Nigeria: Ibadan University Press.
 
Coetzee, P. H., and A. P. J. Roux, eds. 1998. The African Philosophy Reader.New York: Routledge. (2nd ed., 2003, New York: Routledge).

DePaul, Michael R., and William Ramsey. 1999. Rethinking Intuition. NewYork: Rowman and Littlefield.
 
Diagne, Souleymane. 2004a. “Precolonial African Philosophy in Arabic.” In A Companion to African Philosophy, ed. Kwasi Wiredu, 66–77. Malden,Mass.: Blackwell.
———. 2004b. “Islam in Africa: Examining the Notion of an African Identitywithin the Islamic World.” In A Companion to African Philosophy, ed.Kwasi Wiredu, 374–83. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.
Diagne, Souleymane, and Heinz Kimmerle, eds. 1998. Time and Development inthe Thought of Subsaharan Africa. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Diagne, Souleymane, and Henri Ossebi. 1996. The Cultural Question in Africa.Dakar, Senegal: CODESRIA.
 
Diop, Cheikh Anta. 1974. The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality.Ed. and trans. Mercer Cook. Westport, Conn.: Lawrence Hill; Paris:Presence Africaine.
———. 1978. Black Africa: The Economic and Cultural Basis for a FederatedState. Westport, Conn.: Lawrence Hill.
———. 1987. Precolonial Black Africa: A Comparative Study of the Politicaland Social Systems of Europe and Black Africa, from Antiquity to theFormation of Modern States. Westport, Conn.: Lawrence Hill.
———. 1989. The Cultural Unity of Black Africa: The Domains of Matriarchyand Patriarchy in Classical Antiquity. London: Karnak House.
———. 1991. Civilization or Barbarism: An Authentic Anthropology. NewYork: Lawrence Hill Books.
 
Emmet, Dorothy. 1972. “Haunted Universes.” Second Order 1, no. 1: 34–42.
 
English, P., and K. M. Kalumba, eds. 1996. African Philosophy: A ClassicalApproach. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
 
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. 1937. Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande.London: Oxford University Press.
 
Eze, Emmanuel. 1997a. “The Color of Reason: The Idea of ‘Race’ in Kant’sAnthropology.” In Postcolonial African Philosophy: A Critical Reader, ed.E. Eze, 103–40. Oxford: Blackwell.
———. 1997b. “Democracy or Consensus? A Response to Wiredu.” InPostcolonial African Philosophy: A Critical Reader, ed. E. Eze, 313–23.Oxford: Blackwell.
———, ed. 1997c. Postcolonial African Philosophy: A Critical Reader.Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell.
———, ed. 1997d. Race and the Enlightenment: A Reader. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.
———, ed. 1998. African Philosophy: An Anthology. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.
———. 2001. Achieving Our Humanity: The Idea of the Postracial Future. NewYork: Routledge.
———. 2008a. Of Reason: Rationality for a World of Cultural Conflict andRacism. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.
———. 2008b. Postcolonial Social Theory, Religion, and Philosophy. New York:Palgrave Macmillan.
 
Fanon, Frantz. 1967a. Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove.
———. 1967b. The Wretched of the Earth. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin.
———. 1988. Toward the African Revolution. New York: Grove.
———. 1989. Studies in a Dying Colonialism. London: Earthscan.
 
Fashina, Oladipo. 1981. “Mythical Consciousness: Neo-Kantian or Quasi-Realist?” Second Order 10, nos. 1–2: 31–45.
———. 1988. “Marx, Moral Criticism, and Political Choice.” PhilosophicalForum 19, no. 4: 291–308.
———. 1989. “Frantz Fanon and the Ethical Justification of Anti-ColonialViolence.” Social Theory and Practice 15, no. 2: 179–212.
 
Fasiku, Gbenga. 2008. “African Philosophy and the Method of OrdinaryLanguage.” Journal of Pan African Studies 2, no. 3 (Mar.): 100–116.
 
Feldman, Richard. 2003. Epistemology. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
 
Forde, Daryll, ed. 1954. African Worlds: Studies in the Cosmological Ideas andSocial Values of African Peoples. London: International African Institute and Oxford University Press.
 
Freire, Paulo. 1983. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Continuum.
 
Friedland, W. H., and C. G. Rosberg. 1964. African Socialism. Stanford, Calif.:Stanford University Press.
 
Gadamer, Hans-Georg. 1975. Truth and Method. Trans. W. Glen-Doepel.London: Sheed and Ward.
 
Garvey, Marcus. 1986. Message to the People: The Course of AfricanPhilosophy. Dover, Mass.: Majority.
 
Gbadegesin,’Segun. 1981. “Ethnicity and Citizenship.” Second Order 10, nos.1– 2: 3–12.
———. 1984. “Destiny, Personality and the Ultimate Reality of HumanExistence: A Yoruba Perspective.” Ultimate Reality and Meaning 7, no. 3:173–88.
———. 1987. “God, Destiny and Social Injustice: A Critique of Yoruba Ifa Belief.” The Search for Faith and Justice in the Twentieth Century, ed. Gene James, 52–68. New York: Paragon.
———. 1991a. African Philosophy: Traditional Yoruba Philosophy andContemporary African Realities. New York: Peter Lang.
———. 1991b. “Negritude and Its Contribution to the Civilization of theUniversal: Leopold Senghor and the Question of Ultimate Reality and Meaning.” Ultimate Reality and Meaning 14, no. 1: 30–45.
———. 2004. “Toward a Theory of Destiny.” In A Companion to AfricanPhilosophy, ed. Kwasi Wiredu, 313–23. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.
———. 2005. “Origins of African Ethics.” In A Companion to Religious Ethics,ed. W. Schweiker, 413–422. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.
 
Gettier, Edmund L. 1963. “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?” Analysis 23:121–23.
 
Goody, Jack, comp. 1972. The Myth of the Bagre. Oxford: Clarendon.
 
Gordon, Lewis. 1997a. “Tragic Dimensions of Our Neocolonial ‘Postcolonial’World.” In Postcolonial African Philosophy: A Critical Reader, ed.Emmanuel Eze, 241–51. Oxford: Blackwell.
———. 1997b. Her Majesty’s Other Children: Sketches of Racism from aNeocolonial Age. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.
———, ed. 1997c. Existence in Black: An Anthology of Black ExistentialPhilosophy. New York: Routledge.———. 2000. Existentia Africana: Understanding Africana Existential Thought.New York: Routledge.
———. 2008. An Introduction to Africana Philosophy. Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press.
 
Griaule, Marcel. 1965. Conversations with Ogotemmeli. Oxford: OxfordUniversity Press.
 
Graness, Anke, and Kai Kresse, eds. 1997. Sagacious Reasoning: Henry OderaOruka in Memoriam. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
 
Gunn, Battiscombe. 1909. The Instruction of Ptah-hotep and the Instruction ofKe’gemni: The Oldest Books in the World. New York: Dutton. (Reprint,Kila, Mont.: Kessinger, 1999.)
 
Gyekye, Kwame. 1974. “Substance in Aristotle’s Categories and Metaphysics.Second Order 3, no. 1: 61–65.
———. 1975a. “Review of John Mbiti’s African Religions and Philosophy.Second Order 4, no. 1: 86–94.
———. 1975b. “Philosophical Relevance of Akan Proverbs.” Second Order 4,no. 2: 45–53.
———. 1977. “Akan Language and the Materialist Thesis: A Short Essay on theRelation between Philosophy and Language.” Studies in Language 1, no. 2:227–34.
———. 1978. “The Akan Concept of a Person.” International PhilosophicalQuarterly 18, no. 3: 277–87. (Reprinted in African Philosophy: AnIntroduction, 3rd ed., ed. Richard Wright. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1984.)
———. 1981. “Philosophical Ideas of the Akans.” Second Order 10, nos. 1–2:61–79.
———. 1988. The Unexamined Life: Philosophy and the African Experience.Accra: Ghana Universities Press.
———. 1992. “Person and Community in Akan Thought.” In Person andCommunity, ed. Kwasi Wiredu and Kwame Gyekye, 101–22. Washington,D.C.: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy.
———. 1995. An Essay on African Philosophical Thought: The AkanConceptual Scheme. Rev. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
———. 1996. African Cultural Values: An Introduction. Philadelphia and Accra,Ghana: Sankofa.
———. 1997a. Tradition and Modernity: Philosophical Reflections on theAfrican Experience. New York: Oxford University Press.
———. 1997b. “Philosophy, Culture, and Technology in the Postcolonial.” InPostcolonial African Philosophy: A Critical Reader, ed. Emmanuel Eze,25–44. Oxford: Blackwell.
———. 2003. Beyond Cultures: Perceiving a Common Humanity. Accra, Ghana:Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences.
 
Hallen, Barry. 1975. “A Philosopher’s Approach to Traditional Culture.”Theoria to Theory 9, no. 4: 259–72.
———. 1977. “Robin Horton on Critical Philosophy and Traditional Thought.”Second Order 6, no. 1: 81–92. (Revised and republished as Hallen 1996a.)
———. 1979. “The [African] Art Historian as Conceptual Analyst.” Journal ofAesthetics and Art Criticism 37, no. 3: 303–13.
———. 1981. “The Open Texture of Oral Tradition.” Theoria to Theory 9, no.4: 259–72.
———. 1988. “Afro-Brazilian Mosques in West Africa.” Mimar 29: 16–23.
———. 1995a. “Some Observations about Philosophy, Postmodernism, and Artin African Studies.” African Studies Review 38, no. 1: 69–80.
———. 1995b. “Indeterminacy, Ethnophilosophy, Linguistic Philosophy, AfricanPhilosophy.” Philosophy 70, no. 273: 377–93.
———. 1995c. “‘My Mercedes Has Four Legs!’ ‘Traditional’ as an Attribute of African Equestrian ‘Culture.’“ In Horsemen of Africa: History, Iconography,Symbolism, ed. Gigi Pezzoli, 49–64. Milan: Centro Studi ArcheologiaAfricana.
———. 1996a. “Analytic Philosophy and Traditional Thought: A Critique of Robin Horton.” In African Philosophy: A Classical Approach, ed. P. Englishand K. M. Kalumba, 216–28. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
———. 1996b. “Does It Matter Whether Linguistic Philosophy IntersectsEthnophilosophy?” APA Newsletter on International Cooperation 96,no. 1: 136–40.
———. 1996c. “What’s It Mean? ‘Analytic’ African Philosophy.” Quest:Philosophical Discussions 10, no. 2: 67–77.
———. 1997. “African Meanings, Western Words.” African Studies Review 40,no. 1: 1–11.
———. 1998a. “Moral Epistemology: When Propositions Come Out ofMouths.” International Philosophical Quarterly 38, no. 2: 187–204.
———. 1998b. “Academic Philosophy and African Intellectual Liberation.”African Philosophy 11, no. 2: 93–97.
———. 2000a. “Variations on a Theme: Ritual, Performance, Intellect.” In Insight and Artistry: A Cross-Cultural Study of Art and Divination inCentral and West Africa, ed. John Pemberton, 168–74. Washington, D.C.:Smithsonian Institution Press.
———. 2000b. The Good, the Bad, and the Beautiful: Discourse about Values inYoruba Culture. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
———. 2001. “‘Witches’ as Superior Intellects: Challenging a Cross-CulturalSuperstition.” In Dialogues of Witchcraft: Anthropology, Philosophy, andthe Possibilities of Discovery, ed. Diane Ciekawy and George C. Bond,80–100. Athens: Ohio University Press.
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______. 2013. Invited Lecture: "Select Issues and Controversies in Contemporary African Philosophy." Royal Institute of Philosophy, London, UK, November 23, 2012. Also to be published by Cambridge University Press.
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———. 1994. “Africa in Search of a New Mode of Politics.” In African Perspectives on Development, ed. Ulf Himmelstrand, Kabiru Kinyanjui, and Edward Mburugu, 249–61. London: James Currey.
 
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Wiredu, Kwasi. 1970. “Kant’s Synthetic Apriori in Geometry and the Rise ofNon-Euclidean Geometries.” Kant-Studien 61, nos. 1–4: 5–27.
———. 1972a. “Truth as Opinion.” Universitas (March).
———. 1972b. “A Note on Modal Quantification, Ontology and the Indenumerably Infinite.” Analysis (June).
———. 1972c. “On an African Orientation in Philosophy.” Second Order 1, no. 2: 3–13.
———. 1972d. “Material Implication and ‘If-Then.’“ International LogicReview (Dec.).
———. 1973a. “Deducibility and Inferability.” Mind n.s. 82, no. 325: 31–55.
———. 1973b. “Logic and Ontology, Part 1.” Second Order 2, no. 1: 71–82.
———. 1973c. “Philosophy, Mysticism and Rationality.” Universitas (Mar.).
———. 1973d. “On the Real Logical Structure of Lewis’ ‘Independent Proof.’“Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 14, no. 4 (Oct.): 543–46.
———. 1973e. “Logic and Ontology, Part 2.” Second Order 2, no. 2: 21–38.
———. 1974a. “To Be Is to Be Known.” Legon Journal of the Humanities 1.
———. 1974b. “What Is Philosophy?” Universitas 3, no. 2 (Mar.).
———. 1974c. “Carnap on Iterated Modalities.” Philosophy andPhenomenological Research 35, no. 2: 240–45.
———. 1974d. “Classes and Sets.” Logique et Analyse (Jan.).
———. 1974e. “A Remark on a Certain Consequence of Connexive Logic for Zermelo’s Set Theory.” Studia Logica 33, no. 2.
———. 1974f. “Logic and Ontology, Part 3.” Second Order 3, no. 2.
———. 1975a. “In Praise of Utopianism.” Thought and Practice 2, no. 2.
———. 1975b. “Logic and Ontology, Part 4.” Second Order 4, no. 1: 25–43.
———. 1975c. “Truth as a Logical Constant, with an Application to the Principle of Excluded Middle.” Philosophical Quarterly 25, no. 101:305–17.
———. 1976a. “Predication and Abstract Entities.” Legon Journal of the Humanities 2.
———. 1976b. “On the Formal Character of Logic.” Ghana Social ScienceJournal (May).
———. 1976c. “On Reductio ad Absurdum Proofs.” International Logic Review(June).
———. 1976d. “Paradoxes.” Second Order 5, no. 2: 3–26.
———. 1976e. “In Behalf of Opinion.” Universitas (Nov.).
———. 1976f. “How Not to Compare African Thought with Western Thought.”Ch’Indaba no. 2 (July–Dec.): 4–8. (Reprinted in African Philosophy: An Introduction, ed. R. Wright, 159–71. Washington, D.C.: University Press ofAmerica, 1977; and in African Philosophy: Selected Readings, ed. Albert G.Mosley. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1995.)
———. 1980a. “Philosophy and Our Culture.” Proceedings of the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences.
———. 1980b. Philosophy and an African Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
———. 1981. “Philosophy in Africa Today.” In Into the 80’s: The Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Conference of the Canadian Association of African Studies, ed. D. Ray, P. Shinnie, and D. Williams. Calgary: University ofCalgary, Tantalus Research.
———. 1983a. “The Akan Concept of Mind.” Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies. (Reprinted in African Philosophy. Vol. 5 of ContemporaryPhilosophy: A New Survey, ed. G. Floistad. Dodrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1987.)
———. 1983b. “Morality and Religion in Akan Thought.” In Philosophy and Cultures, ed. H. Odera Oruka and D. Masolo, 6–13. Nairobi, Kenya:Bookwise. (Reprinted in African-American Humanism: An Anthology,ed. Norm Allen Jr. New York: Prometheus Books, 1991.)
———. 1984a. “Philosophical Research and Teaching in Africa: SomeSuggestions.” In Teaching and Research in Philosophy: Africa. Paris:UNESCO.
———. 1984b. “Survey: Philosophy Teaching and Research in English-SpeakingAfrica.” In Teaching and Research in Philosophy: Africa. Paris: UNESCO.
———. 1984c. “Some Issues in Philosophy in Africa Today.” In Teaching and Research in Philosophy: Africa. Paris: UNESCO.
———. 1985a. “The Concept of Truth in the Akan Language.” In Philosophy in Africa: Trends and Perspectives, ed. P. Bodunrin, 43–54. Ife, Nigeria:University of Ife Press.
———. 1985b. “Replies to Critics.” In Philosophy in Africa: Trends andPerspectives, ed. P. Bodunrin, 91–102. Ife, Nigeria: University of Ife Press.
———. 1985c. “Problems in Africa’s Self-Identification in the ContemporaryWorld.” In Africa and the Problem of Its Identity, ed. A. Diemer and P. Hountondji. New York: Verlag Peter Lang.
———. 1989. “Death and the Afterlife in African Culture.” In Death andDying: Cross-Cultural and Multi-Disciplinary Views, ed. A. Berger et al.Philadelphia: Charles Press.
———. 1990a. “On the Question of the Right to Die: An African View.” In To Die or Not to Die? Cross-Disciplinary, Cultural, and Legal Perspectiveson the Right to Choose Death, ed. Arthur S. Berger and Joyce Berger. NewYork: Praeger.
———. 1990b. “An Akan Perspective on Human Rights.” In Human Rights in Africa: Cross-Cultural Perspectives, ed. A. Ahmed An-Na’im and F. Deng.Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.
———. 1990c. “Universalism and Particularism in Religion from an African Perspective.” Journal of Humanism and Ethical Religion 3, no. 1. (Reprinted in Self, Cosmos, God, ed. D. Kolak and R. Martin. New YorkHarcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1992.)
———. 1991. “On Defining African Philosophy.” In African Philosophy: TheEssential Readings, ed. T. Serequeberhan, 87–110. New York: ParagonHouse. (Reprinted in Postkoloniales Philosophieren: Afrika, edited by H. Nagl-Docekal and F. M. Wimmer, 40–62. Vienna: R. OldenbourgVerlag, 1992.)
———. 1992a. “Formulating Modern Thought in African Languages: Some Theoretical Considerations.” In The Surreptitious Speech: Presence Africaine and the Politics of Otherness 1947–1987, ed. V. Y. Mudimbe, 301–32. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
———. 1992b. “Moral Foundations of African Culture.” In African-American Perspectives on Biomedical Ethics, ed. H. E. Flack and E. D. Pellegrino.Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. (Reprinted in Person andCommunity, ed. Kwasi Wiredu and Kwame Gyekye, 193–206. Washington,D.C.: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, 1992.)
———. 1992c. “The African Concept of Personhood.” In African-American Perspectives on Biomedical Ethics, ed. H. E. Flack and E. D. Pellegrino.Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
———. 1992d. “Science, Technology and Humane Values.” In Paths to Philosophical Perspectives. Seoul: Korean PhilosophicalAssociation.
———. 1992–1993. “African Philosophical Tradition: A Case Study of theAkan.” Philosophical Forum 24, nos. 1–3: 35–62.
———. 1993. “Canons of Conceptualization.” Monist 76, no. 4: 450–76.
———. 1995a. “Are There Cultural Universals?” Monist 78, no. 1: 52–64. (An earlier version of this paper was published in 1990 in Quest: PhilosophicalDiscussions 4, no. 2: 5–19.)
———. 1995b. Conceptual Decolonization in African Philosophy: Four Essaysby Kwasi Wiredu. Introd. and ed. Olusegun Oladipo. Ibadan, Nigeria: Hope Publications.
———. 1995c. “Knowledge, Truth and Fallibility.” In The Concept ofKnowledge, ed. I. Kucuradi and R. S. Cohen. Boston: Kluwer Academic.
———. 1995d. “Metaphysics in Africa.” In A Companion to Metaphysics, ed.J. Kim and E. Sosa. Oxford: Blackwell.
———. 1995e. “Democracy and Consensus in Traditional African Politics:A Plea for a Non-Party Polity.” Centennial Review 39, no. 1 (Winter).
———. 1995f. “Custom and Morality: A Comparative Analysis of Some African and Western Conceptions of Morals.” In African Philosophy: SelectedReadings, ed. Albert G. Mosley. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
———. 1995g. “On Decolonizing African Religions.” In Decolonizing the Mind: Proceedings of the Colloquium Held at Unisa, October 1995, ed.J. Malherbe. Pretoria: Research Unit for African Philosophy.
———. 1995h. “Philosophy, Humankind and the Environment.” In Philosophy of Nature and Environmental Ethics. Vol. 1 of Philosophy, Humanityand Ecology, ed. H. Odera Oruka. Nairobi, Kenya: African Center for Technology Studies Press.
———. 1995i. “Philosophy and the Political Problem of Human Rights.” In The Idea and the Documents of Human Rights, ed. I. Kucuradi. Ankara,Turkey: Philosophical Society of Turkey.
———. 1995j. “Particularistic Studies of African Philosophies as an Aid toDecolonization.” In Decolonizing the Mind: Proceedings of the Colloquium Held at Unisa, October 1995, ed. J. Malherbe. Pretoria: Research Unit forAfrican Philosophy.
———. 1995k. “On Decolonizing African Religions.” In Decolonizing the Mind: Proceedings of the Colloquium Held at Unisa, October 1995, ed. J. Malherbe. Pretoria: Research Unit for African Philosophy.
———. 1996a. “Time and African Thought.” In Time and Temporality in Intercultural Perspectives, ed. D. Tiemersma and A. F. Oosterling. Amsterdam